By John Pickles
This e-book presents a vital perception into the practices and concepts of maps and map-making. It attracts on a variety of social theorists, and theorists of maps and cartography, to teach how maps and map-making have formed the areas during which we live.
Going past the focal point of conventional cartography, the e-book attracts on examples of using maps from the 16th century to the current, together with their function in initiatives of the nationwide and colonial country, emergent capitalism and the planetary recognition of the traditional sciences. It additionally considers using maps for army reasons, maps that experience coded smooth conceptions of healthiness, illness and social personality, and maps of the obvious human physique and the obvious earth.
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Extra info for A History of Spaces: Cartographic Reason, Mapping and the Geo-Coded World (Frontiers of Human Geography)
But while such distinctions may be difficult to draw in practice, it is the very distinction between objective cartography on the one hand and biased or propaganda maps on the other that may be the problem. What, for example, can we say about maps such as those that represent the 'earth from the South' or 'the Australian'S view of the world'? In such maps, the techniques of modern cartography (and often very finely crafted maps) are used to dislodge a particular hegemonic orientation that has been standardized historically.
The cartographer's colour choice, use of lines, orientation of north to the top of the page, and choice of material which will appear at the centre of the map, as opposed to at the edges, are all elements that are 'extraneous to the scientific purpose of the map' (Speier 1941: 313). The propagandist exploits these elements: 'The propagandist's primary concern is never the truth of an idea but its successful communication to a public. Geography as a science and cartography as a technique become subservient to the demands of effective symbol manipulation' (Speier 1941: 313).
The map is a text, like any other in this regard, whose meaning and impact may go far beyond the limits of technique, the author's intention, 44 Deconstructing the map and the mere transmittal of information. Thus, the perception of graphical images is not a purely psychological reception of information but a complex social play of images present and absent, in the context of other symbolic, ideological and material concerns. All cartography operates within and makes use of such unacknowledged preconditions and more or less accepted symbolic forms and mapping conventions.
A History of Spaces: Cartographic Reason, Mapping and the Geo-Coded World (Frontiers of Human Geography) by John Pickles