By Eugene Raikhel
Bringing anthropological views to undergo on habit, the individuals to this crucial assortment spotlight the contingency of dependancy as a class of human wisdom and adventure. in keeping with ethnographic study performed in websites from alcohol therapy clinics in Russia to Pentecostal dependancy ministries in Puerto Rico, the essays are associated by way of the individuals' recognition to the dynamics—including the cultural, clinical, criminal, non secular, own, and social—that form the which means of "addiction" particularly settings. They learn the way it is known and skilled between execs operating within the felony justice method of a rural West Virginia neighborhood; Hispano citizens of recent Mexico's Espanola Valley, the place the speed of heroin overdose is one of the maximum within the usa; homeless girls partaking in an outpatient dependancy remedy software within the Midwest; machine-gaming addicts in Las Vegas, etc. The collection's editors recommend "addiction trajectories" as an invaluable rubric for examining the altering meanings of habit throughout time, position, associations, and person lives. Pursuing 3 fundamental trajectories, the members convey how habit comes into being as an item of information, a website of healing intervention, and a resource of subjective experience.
Contributors. Nancy D. Campbell, E. Summerson Carr, Angela Garcia, William Garriott, Helena Hansen, Anne M. Lovell, Emily Martin, Todd Meyers, Eugene Raikhel, A. Jamie Saris, Natasha Dow Schüll
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17. Natasha Schüll makes this argument in her discussion of Mollie’s map in the introduction to her book: ‘‘The road that she drew features no exits, appearing instead as a closed circuit of stations where various vices—as well as their remedies—may be pursued. Inside this circuit, she hung with no clear grounding except the machine onto which she held. ’ I asked when she had completed the sketch, pointing at the human-machine pair in the middle of the page. ‘That’s nowhere,’ she responded; ‘that’s the zone’ ’’ (Schüll 2012: 26).
What are the psychic effects of these discourses on the addict, particularly those who have been through repeated cycles of recovery and relapse? How do medical and juridical responses to addiction lock addicts into an incommensurate ‘‘medical-moral identity’’ (Young 2007), in which the outcome of relapse is not only expected but produced? Jean Jackson (2005) has written about the uncertain ontological status of the chronically ill. She describes how this status provokes stigma and forces the patient into deeper modes of suffering.
2001; Lovell 2006). Moreover, some observers have argued that various psychoactive medications, including the new addiction treatments and maintenance drugs, encode radically different notions of the self from those currently prevalent in North American and European folk psychologies: rather than teaching people to conceptualize behavioral problems as originating in a self or psyche shaped by the memory of personal experience, such medications may encourage their consumers to ascribe problems to neurochemical imbalances (Martin 2006; Rose 2003b; Vrecko 2006).
Addiction Trajectories by Eugene Raikhel