By A.H. Rose (Editor), J. Gareth Morris (Editor)
This quantity in a research-level sequence covers varied elements of microbial body structure and biochemistry together with inositol metabolisms in yeasts, bacterial adhesion, natural acids, the bacterial flagellum and the mechanical behaviour of bacterial mobile partitions. it's meant to be of use to microbiologists, biochemists and biotechnologists. different comparable works during this sequence are volumes 29, 30 and 31.
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Extra resources for Advances in Microbial Physiology, Volume 19
I t provides the rare opportunity to study evolution of organized cellular forms from a relatively unorganized state. Also possible are comparative studies of the division processes and nuclear segregation in wall-less apparently chaotically organised L-forms. V. Autolytic Enzyme Function and Cell-Cell Interaction It was widely believed until a few years ago that autolytic enzymes played a vital part in expanding the walls of bacteria during growth and division but, whilst such a role is s t i l l possible, it would seem increasingly unlikely.
In these experiments done under different conditions from those with I phage, the authors considered that they had evidence for growth of cells from the poles. 26 HOWARD J. ROGERS E. R E V E R S I O N OF PROTOPLASTS AND L-FORMS The change from a spherical protoplast or a relatively unorganized wallless L-form to a regularly dividing rod-shaped bacterium with a wall perhaps most clearly illustrates the necessarily integrated function of membrane and wall in recreating the bacterial shape. It also makes it probable that our analytical approach to morphogenisis of bacteria, certainly at the molecular level, is as yet quite inadequate.
Whether the change is related to growth rateper se or to the steady-state concentration of metabolites in the culture is not clear. The ultrastructural events involved in cell division and the morphological change have been investigated for A. crystallopoites, both by sectioning the organisms (Krulwich and Pate, 1971) and by using the carbon-replica technique (Kolenbrander and Holman, 1977). Both approaches suggest that, as the cocci multiply or become rods, a rotation of the cells occurs, giving rise to the “snapping” division seen under the light microscope, and the appearance of V forms in cultures of rods.
Advances in Microbial Physiology, Volume 19 by A.H. Rose (Editor), J. Gareth Morris (Editor)