By D. C. Ferree, I. Warrington
This ebook presents a complete reference paintings, summarising our wisdom of apples and their construction around the globe. It contains 24 chapters written via foreign gurus from the us, Canada, Europe and New Zealand. the most topics addressed comprise taxonomy and creation records, plant fabrics, apple body structure, orchard and tree administration, crop safety (including natural production), harvesting and dealing with and usage. The e-book could be of vital curiosity to these operating in horticulture and botany.
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Additional info for Apples: Botany, Production and Uses
1 Germplasm Way et al. (1990) provided information on apple germplasm issues, research, important diseases, pests and horticultural problems and listed major apple germplasm centres. org/ The Plant Genetic Resources Unit in Geneva, New York, part of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS), maintains 3739 accessions of Malus. Information on accessions may be searched in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). A core collection (208 clones) and 40% of the base collection have been characterized for 25 morphological descriptors.
Juice became the primary use for processed apples, and the world CAJ price became an important influence on the price of apples for other processing uses (Baumes and Conway, 1985). The percentage of apples processed in each country is not known precisely. However, from the USDA Global Agriculture 20 D. 2. Concentrated-apple-juice production and ending stocks, selected countries, 1992–2000 (t) (from USDA FAS). Country/region 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/2000p Production Germany Austria Argentina USA Poland 60,686 23,450 62,800 146,612 135,000 74,571 14,300 65,350 166,547 108,000 69,901 11,500 64,400 156,150 88,000 68,630 25,000 86,737 134,310 136,413 73,903 30,000 59,493 131,966 145,000 67,025 24,700 84,800 145,285 130,000 70,000 25,000 51,600 150,000 110,000 509,306 145,054 509,999 141,805 454,797 157,040 451,090 189,414 519,852 152,243 515,128 163,274 500,500 132,162 World total 654,360 651,804 611,837 640,504 672,095 678,402 632,662 Ending stocks Germany Austria Argentina USA 164,056 27,900 135 0 181,286 25,600 385 0 91,347 15,900 0 0 81,021 9,200 6,948 0 115,000 13,500 0 0 100,114 11,200 0 0 87,575 8,400 0 0 200,531 675 208,446 885 107,457 500 90,241 7,348 132,520 8,165 129,834 3,095 97,495 1,595 201,206 209,331 107,957 97,589 140,685 132,929 99,090 N.
3 Liaoning Province There are three programmes in this province, with the Liaoning Fruit Research Institute having the largest apple-breeding programme in China. One of their objectives is to produce a new cultivar with all the advantages of ‘Fuji’ but none of the disadvantages. ‘Golden Delicious 463’, a russet-resistant induced sport, is their best-known introduction. Shenyang Agricultural University released ‘Hanfu’, a hybrid of ‘Dongguang’ × ‘Fuji’. This cultivar is known for its hardiness and high eating quality.
Apples: Botany, Production and Uses by D. C. Ferree, I. Warrington