Download e-book for iPad: Autocracy and Redistribution: The Politics of Land Reform by Michael Albertus

By Michael Albertus

ISBN-10: 1107106559

ISBN-13: 9781107106550

While and why do nations redistribute land to the landless? What political reasons does land reform serve, and what position does it have in modern-day global? A longstanding literature courting again to Aristotle and echoed in vital fresh works holds that redistribution may be either larger and extra exact on the bad below democracy. but entire old info to check this declare has been missing. This ebook indicates that land redistribution - the main consequential type of redistribution within the constructing global - happens extra frequently lower than dictatorship than democracy. It bargains a singular concept of land reform and develops a typology of land reform rules. Albertus leverages unique facts spanning the area and relationship again to 1900 to widely attempt the speculation utilizing statistical research and case stories of key nations equivalent to Egypt, Peru, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. those findings demand rethinking a lot of the typical knowledge approximately redistribution and regimes.

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Parry (2005). , governors) may also theoretically play an important role in decentralized or federal political systems to the extent that they have the authority to initiate and implement major policies, such as land reform. India is perhaps the best example. Subnationally elected leaders did not play a considerable role in land reform initiation in Latin America during the period covered by this study. There is variation among democracies in terms of whether (and how many) top officials and bureaucrats in key agencies are appointed versus internally promoted.

Together with Latin America, more than one-third of all the countries in the world experienced redistributive land reform in the past century. More than 80 percent of redistributive land reforms beyond Latin America occurred when there was a coalitional split between political and landed elites alongside low institutional constraints to rule. This relationship remains robust in a series of regressions. The chapter then conducts a structured comparison of elite splits, institutional constraints, and land reform across four specific cases in four different regions: Egypt, Hungary, Taiwan, and Zimbabwe.

This book offers a step in the direction of building a new foundation for explaining the politics of redistribution. , Huntington 1968). But the balance of findings in this 6 Iversen and Soskice (2009) argue that these factors have deeper roots in economic coordination (especially in guilds and rural cooperatives) and the limited proportional representation systems of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. 14 Autocracy and Redistribution literature also highlights a fundamental disjuncture between general theory on redistribution and actual outcomes.

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Autocracy and Redistribution: The Politics of Land Reform by Michael Albertus

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