By Michael Albertus
While and why do nations redistribute land to the landless? What political reasons does land reform serve, and what position does it have in modern-day global? A longstanding literature courting again to Aristotle and echoed in vital fresh works holds that redistribution may be either larger and extra exact on the bad below democracy. but entire old info to check this declare has been missing. This ebook indicates that land redistribution - the main consequential type of redistribution within the constructing global - happens extra frequently lower than dictatorship than democracy. It bargains a singular concept of land reform and develops a typology of land reform rules. Albertus leverages unique facts spanning the area and relationship again to 1900 to widely attempt the speculation utilizing statistical research and case stories of key nations equivalent to Egypt, Peru, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. those findings demand rethinking a lot of the typical knowledge approximately redistribution and regimes.
Read or Download Autocracy and Redistribution: The Politics of Land Reform PDF
Similar comparative politics books
China’s emergence within the twenty first century to the prestige of significant strength has major implications for its dating with the U.S., the only superpower within the post-Cold warfare global. Now that China is emerging as an monetary, political, and armed forces strength and has elevated its diplomatic activism past Asia into Europe, Latin the US, Africa, and the center East, its upward push has profoundly remodeled its dating with the united states and forced leaders in either international locations to redefine their positions towards one another. This booklet, written by means of top students and coverage analysts from either the united states and China, explores the transformation and multifaceted nature of US-China kinfolk, together with how the political elite in either international locations have outlined their strategic targets based on China’s upward thrust and controlled their relatives hence. It presents an updated research at the coverage changes of the decade, and covers all of the very important factor components comparable to defense, nuclear deterrence, army modernization, strength, alternate and fiscal interplay, and Asia-Pacific strength reconfiguration. It doesn't search to substantiate both an alarmist or confident place yet provides assorted perspectives and checks via international coverage experts with the desire that leaders in Washington and Beijing may possibly make confident changes of their regulations to prevent disagreement and battle. it's going to even be a useful source for college kids and students folks and chinese language politics, diplomacy and comparative politics.
The questions and concerns raised by way of Tocqueville in his enormous experiences of France and the United States are only as an important for knowing the evolution of democracy within the West and the improvement of democracy within the non-western global. They sincerely convey the breadth of Tocqueville's contributions to the advance of recent social sciences.
- Compound Democracies: Why the United States and Europe Are Becoming Similar
- Democratic Innovations: Designing Institutions for Citizen Participation (Theories of Institutional Design)
- Democracy and Reaction
- How Democracy Works: Political Institutions, Actors, and Arenas in Latin American Policymaking (Interamerican Development Bank)
- Contemporary French Society
Additional info for Autocracy and Redistribution: The Politics of Land Reform
Parry (2005). , governors) may also theoretically play an important role in decentralized or federal political systems to the extent that they have the authority to initiate and implement major policies, such as land reform. India is perhaps the best example. Subnationally elected leaders did not play a considerable role in land reform initiation in Latin America during the period covered by this study. There is variation among democracies in terms of whether (and how many) top officials and bureaucrats in key agencies are appointed versus internally promoted.
Together with Latin America, more than one-third of all the countries in the world experienced redistributive land reform in the past century. More than 80 percent of redistributive land reforms beyond Latin America occurred when there was a coalitional split between political and landed elites alongside low institutional constraints to rule. This relationship remains robust in a series of regressions. The chapter then conducts a structured comparison of elite splits, institutional constraints, and land reform across four specific cases in four different regions: Egypt, Hungary, Taiwan, and Zimbabwe.
This book offers a step in the direction of building a new foundation for explaining the politics of redistribution. , Huntington 1968). But the balance of findings in this 6 Iversen and Soskice (2009) argue that these factors have deeper roots in economic coordination (especially in guilds and rural cooperatives) and the limited proportional representation systems of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. 14 Autocracy and Redistribution literature also highlights a fundamental disjuncture between general theory on redistribution and actual outcomes.
Autocracy and Redistribution: The Politics of Land Reform by Michael Albertus