Download PDF by Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Horst Klingenberg (auth.): Automobile Exhaust Emission Testing: Measurement of

By Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Horst Klingenberg (auth.)

ISBN-10: 3642802435

ISBN-13: 9783642802430

ISBN-10: 3642802451

ISBN-13: 9783642802454

Differing laws among international locations or unions of nations keen on pollutants relief has grew to become fuel measuring know-how into such an exceptionally wide and complicated box that very few experts in environmental firms and the car have a grab of it. This publication is meant as an outline of the fundamentals of exhaust fuel measuring know-how describing the interrelation among emissions, immissions and the results of toxins. It goals to supply specialists and scholars alike with an figuring out of the interrelationships and info inside this box. the implications awarded are in accordance with the event accumulated by way of the writer in the course of paintings spanning greater than 20 years within the motor vehicle undefined. H. Klingenberg is Professor and Director of the Metrology and Reciprocating Machines Institute on the Otto-von-
Guericke-University in Magdeburg, Germany. His specialist occupation in universities, learn institutes and undefined, together with a protracted span as Head of the Metrology examine and critical Laboratories at Volkswagen AG in Wolfsburg, Germany, provide him authority in fields with regards to exhaust gasoline measuring expertise. Fachgebiet: Environmental Engineering Zielgruppe: Application

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Additional resources for Automobile Exhaust Emission Testing: Measurement of Regulated and Unregulated Exhaust Gas Components, Exhaust Emission Tests

Example text

Very early on, population growth and traffic volume in this American state as well as special climatic conditions led to the irritation or damage caused by air pollution later to be found in other US states and other countries of the world. In 1943 there were the first reports of serious air pollution in Los Angeles, causing plant damage, throat and eye irritation to people as well as low visibility. From 1948 the authorities introduced measures to combat these problems due to public pressure by reduction of emissions from stationary sources.

1970 Eastern 70 """ .... :::... ; ··.... • \ . • 60 I - - - - - - - "··,... -. ("'-::-1990 Western '/... ~erman states 40 30 r- 1990 Eastern ". •..... '. 20 r- German states ..... •. •••• .................... ... . """'... ~:~...... :,::: '. g 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Year 21 Age of veh icles Fig. 30: Decrease curve of two registration years (1970 and 1990) according to vehicle age in the western and eastern states of Germany (Source: Metz) resulting from a disproportionately frequent change of vehicles.

3 . 3 . 4 . 4 . 7. 5 . l . 5. 5 . 5 . 0. 5 . 10-4 Over 98 % by weight of the exhaust gas (5th column) is made up of carbon dioxide, water, oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen. 6 % by weight. 078 % by volume are obtained. 05 % by weight of the exhaust emissions in the case of an engine without a catalytic converter, are the unlimited (unregulated) exhaust components (refer to Chap. 7). Their main representatives are hydrogen (pyrolysis product of hydrocarbons), the sulfur compounds (oxidation products of the fuel's sulfur content), the aldehydes (partly oxidized hydrocarbons) and ammonia (reduction product of nitrogen oxide).

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Automobile Exhaust Emission Testing: Measurement of Regulated and Unregulated Exhaust Gas Components, Exhaust Emission Tests by Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Horst Klingenberg (auth.)

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