By Steve Talbott, Craig Holdrege
The Human Genome venture introduced in 2003 that it had effectively mapped the content material of the human DNA Scientists, politicians, theologians, and pundits speculated approximately what may stick to. "Beyond Biotechnology: The Barren Promise of Genetic Engineering" distinguishes among hype and fact, interpreting the fragile dating among technological know-how and nature. Authors Craig Holdrege and Steve Talbott evaluation the present kingdom of genetic technological know-how and consider its power purposes, in addition to attainable risks. The authors illustrate how the preferred view of genetics doesn't comprise an knowing of ways genes interact inside of organisms, contending that those simplistic perspectives result in unrealistic expectancies and, eventually, unhappiness. Written for lay readers, "Beyond Biotechnology" is an obtainable creation to the complicated global of genetic engineering.
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Extra info for Beyond Biotechnology: The Barren Promise of Genetic Engineering (Culture of the Land)
The knowledge about rice cultivation is held secret, “a hierarchical system prioritizes access to land, and the rules regulating access to common property have been encoded into local Islamic law” (527). In this way the cultivation of rice is woven into a whole ecological, historical, and Will Biotech Feed the World? • 33 social fabric. If you isolate rice production from this fabric, the whole fabric begins to dissolve. This has occurred in some areas of the Sahel region, where development projects aim to increase rice production as a means of contributing to the growth of the national market economy.
In one experiment different varieties of genetically engineered potatoes were created that break down the sugar sucrose in different ways (Roessner et al. 2001). This entails a small genetic change that is associated with the production of a different specific enzyme in each of the transgenic lines. They then investigated the amounts of eighty-eight different substances (starch, different sugars, different amino acids, and so on) being produced in the tubers. Surprisingly, there was not just a change in amount of the substances in the specific breakdown pathway affected by the genetic manipulation, but in most of the eighty-eight substances.
The pigs produce enormous amounts of feces and urine that are considered waste. “Stored” in lagoons, the fumes from this waste are a health hazard for people in neighboring towns, and the sewage pollutes ground and drinking water. Since huge amounts of corn-based feed are required, the corn, perhaps genetically modified, is grown in some other part of the country, and is fertilized with chemical fertilizers that also pollute streams and groundwater. It’s hard to imagine a more unecological, unsustainable system.
Beyond Biotechnology: The Barren Promise of Genetic Engineering (Culture of the Land) by Steve Talbott, Craig Holdrege